In India, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a single tax that is levied on both the production and consumption of goods and services. But who pays GST in India on export? This article will explain the details surrounding GST for exports.
The Indian government has created a scheme to offer clean exports—exports of goods or services free of tax, which benefits exporters. Under this scheme, if an exporter wanted to export any goods or services, they could do so while paying no taxes.
However, under recent amendments to the law, GST will be applicable to both exports as well as imports in India from April 2020 onwards. All registered exporters under GST who deal with products or services must pay a GST charge before their goods can leave the country. The payable tax can be either CGST (Central Goods & Service Tax) or IGST (Integrated Goods & Service Tax).
CGST is applicable for interstate sales and typically charged by the originating state; whereas IGST applies to imports and exports from different states within India and is collected by the central government. The rate at which each type of tax is charged depends on several factors such as the type of product exported/ imported, the nature of their business transaction, etc.
Furthermore, all taxable services such as freight charges paid abroad are also subject to IGST payment while exporting goods out of India. Therefore it is important for an exporter to confirm if any additional service charges should be included while calculating IGST dues prior filing a bill of supply at the customs counter.
Unlike payments done through debit card/credit card during the purchase of any goods/services where customers are liable to pay applicable taxes including GST; customers abroad who import Indian goods are not liable for any kind of taxation including GST directly rather importers must bear additional cost imposed by exporting nation on traded commodities accordingly.
In summary, all registered companies dealing in export activities must account for and pay the applicable taxing authorities before sending out consignments thereof. Exporters should ensure proper books and records are maintained along with filing returns timely in order to avoid any form of legal proceedings later thereby making sure Governmental revenues are properly collected from them alone without involving customer’s end that procure Indian Export products against payment fulfillment in foreign markets. (Learn about how to avoid GST)